Our firm has recently learned that, in light of the Neufeld H-1B Memorandum, certain ports of entry are more vigilantly checking the Labor Condition Applications (LCA) of H-1B visa holders. Immigration officers are reviewing the LCAs of H-1B visa holders to confirm the end client work location matches the work location indicated on the LCA. If the end client work location does not match the information on the LCA, immigration officers are finding H-1B visa holders inadmissible. While this procedure may not seem atypical or unjust, it has come to our attention that Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is using LCA inspections as a means of testing the validity of the H-1B employer-employee relationship.
CBP's newly found emphasis on verifying the validity of the employer-employee relationship is undeniably based on the controversial Neufeld H-1B Memorandum on the H-1B Employer-Employee Relationship. In addition to memorandum's conflicting guidance regarding the standard of employer control, the Neufeld H-1B Memorandum has received harsh criticism for unilaterally implementing new immigration laws without following the proper rule-making procedures. In response to these concerns, the United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) vaguely suggested that it would "take it under advisement." However, the practices is in place at certain ports of entry indicate that the USCIS's controversial memo is finding its way to CBP's screening process as an enforcement tool at certain locations.
By way of example, an H-1B visa holder recently traveled to India and returned through the Newark International Airport in New Jersey. Upon his return from India, the foreign national was going to be working as an IT consultant at a client site in Redmond, Washington. Though an amended LCA was filed with the proper work location, the foreign national did not have a copy of the new LCA. At the inspection point, the foreign national was asked by the CBP officer to produce his current LCA. The H-1B visa holder only had a copy of his previous LCA, which indicated his work locations were Texas and Georgia. The CBP officer informed the H-1B visa holder that his LCA did not demonstrate the proper H-1B relationship with his employer. The CBP officer then stated he should withdraw his H-1B extension application, go back to India and reapply. Even though the foreign national's work location was properly documented in an amended LCA, he was deemed inadmissible for not being able to produce the new LCA at the port of entry.
Despite the controversial nature of the Neufeld H-1B Memorandum, DHS appears to be enforcing the the policies promulgated therein. Unfortunately, until the Neufeld H-1B Memorandum is retracted, H-1B visa holders are required to abide by its contents. To avoid any issues at the border, all H-1B visa holders should be advised to not only file a new LCA for any change in end client work location, but also promptly amend their H-1B petition accordingly. And above all, the H-1B visa holder should be sure to carry documentation that accurately reflects their current employment situation, including copies of their the most recent LCA and H-1B petition with up-to-date work location information.